The Peterloo Massacre

On the 16th of August1819, the area around what is now St Peter’s Square in Manchesterhosted an attack on 60,000 peaceful protesters in what became known as thePeterloo Massacre.It took place against the international backdrop of the American Revolution, French wars and famine and unrest in Ireland; and reflected the political, social and economic discontentin Continue Reading

The Co-operative Movement

“A co-operative is a group of people acting together to meet the common needs and aspirations of its members, sharing ownership and making decisions democratically.” Co-operative movements exist all over the world, as groups and organisations dedicated to achieving democratic trading and enterprise. The Co-operative Group, a name which we all know as a local Continue Reading

Skin Bleaching

The act of changing one’s skin colour is a historical practice that continues into the present day. In a world in which both temporary and permanent modification of skin colour is an ever-present theme, the practice of lightening one’s skin is indicative of cultural issues much more complex than the superficial cosmetic appearance. Indeed, skin Continue Reading

Simone de Beauvoir

Feminism as a movement has evolved dramatically since its popularisation in the mid twentieth century. Today, modern Western feminists use their keyboards as their weapons substituting for the more provocative arson attacks and hunger strikes employed by those for whom women’s suffrage was the leading battle. The fight for gender equality in the western world Continue Reading